Swellings or swollen haemorrhoids that appear inside and around the anus and accompanying the anal canal are called Piles. Haemorrhoids are stockpile, clumps, bolster of tissue full of blood vessels, support tissue, muscle and elastic fibers in the anal canal. However, when the haemorrhoids safeguard the anal passage begins to be too big due to inflammation so that the vein walls become elongated, less dense, thin, and troubled by passing a bowel motion that is when piles grow up. They can be categorized by sizes, and they may be internal or external. Internal piles are commonly located between 2 and 4 centimeters (cm) on the top of the anus, and they are the more common type. External piles develop outside the edge of the anus.
Most cases of piles do not lead to overt symptoms however some may lead to bleeding and pain and alert the patient. Symptoms of piles may be outlined as:
A rocklike, possibly painful lump may be felt, nearby the anus. It may consist of blood clot. Piles that comprise of blood are called thrombosed external hemorrhoids.
- A person with piles may experience the feeling that the bowels are still full, after passing a stool.
- Passage of bright red blood is visible after a bowel movement.
- The area around the anus is itchy, red, and sore.
- Pain occurs during the passing of a stool.
- Piles can escalate into a more severe condition. This can include: excessive anal bleeding, also possibly leading to anemia
- fecal incontinence, or an inability to control bowel movements
- anal fistula, in which a new channel is created between the surface of the skin near the anus and the inside of the anus
- a strangulated hemorrhoid, in which the blood supply to the hemorrhoid is cut off, causing complications including infection or a blood clot
Piles are classified into four grades:
Grade I: There are small inflammations, usually inside the lining of the anus. They are not visible.
Grade II: Grade II piles are larger than grade I piles, but also remain inside the anus. They may get pushed out during the passing of stool, but they will return unaided.
Grade III: These are also known as prolapsed hemorrhoids, and appear outside the anus. The individual may feel them hanging from the rectum, but they can be easily re-inserted.
Grade IV: These cannot be pushed back in and need treatment. They are large and remain outside of the anus.
External piles form small lumps on the outside edge of the anus. They are very itchy and can become painful if a blood clot develops, as the blood clot can block the flow of blood. Thrombosed external piles, or hemorrhoids that have clotted, require immediate medical treatment.
Piles are caused by increased pressure in the lower rectum.
The blood vessels around the anus and in the rectum will stretch under pressure and may swell or bulge, forming piles. This may be due to:
- chronic constipation
- chronic diarrhea
- lifting heavy weights
- straining when passing a stool
The tendency to develop piles may also be inherited and increases with age.
A doctor will initially recommend some lifestyle changes to manage piles.
Piles can occur due to straining during bowel movements. Excessive straining is the result of constipation. A change in diet can help keep the stools regular and soft. This involves eating more fiber, such as fruit and vegetables, or primarily eating bran-based breakfast cereals. A doctor may also advise the person with piles to increase their water consumption. It is best to avoid caffeine.
Losing weight may help reduce the incidence and severity of piles. To prevent piles, doctors also advise exercising and avoiding straining to pass stools. Exercising is one of the main therapies for piles.
Homeopathic Treatments For Piles.
There may wonderful homeopathic medicine for piles which are cure your problems permentlly and not required piles surgery .
In homeopathic piles treatment depends on your symptoms and medicine change according symptom like :
1-Aesculus hip:this remedy indicated when piles is purple .the rectum seems full of sticks, the stool becomes jammed into the rectum against these distended viens and then ulcerations take place .
2–Nux Vomica : this remedy indicated in both painful blind as well as bleeding piles.Bleeding piles is due to highly seasoned food or sedentary habits combined with mental and physical strains and night watching and nursing .
3–Plantango-m:This is very useful as local application for inflamed piles .the mother tincture of this medicine should be use
4-Aloe s:This is specific medicine for piles, which look like bunch of grapes around the anus. Very prominent symptom of this remedy that itching and burning in anus preventing sleep, which may be very great driving patient into depression .
5–Lchesis :this remedy indicated for both bleeding or blind piles ,patient fell constricted felling in anus and throbbing pains as if little hammers are striking on the painful piles .warm usually aggravates these cases
Along with above there are many Homeopathic medicine which are useful for Piles treatment according symptoms as
Nitric Acid,Sulphur ,Ratanhia ,Capsicum ,Staphysagria causticum Thuja etc.