What is Asthma?
Asthma is a chronic lung disorder that can make breathing difficult. It features narrow, inflamed airways (bronchial tubes). “Asthma” is an ancient Greek word meaning “short breath,” and as the name implies, it can leave you gasping for air. One of the telltale signs of an asthma attacks is wheezing with difficulty breathing. Other asthma symptoms include chest tightness, coughing, and shortness of breath. When the breathing tubes of the lungs become chronically inflamed, they can become sensitive to inhaled environmental allergens and irritants that can trigger asthma. These environmental triggers include pollen, pollution, and tobacco smoke. Exercise can also be an asthma trigger for some.
Asthma symptoms vary from person to person. You may have infrequent asthma attacks, have symptoms only at certain times — such as when exercising — or have symptoms all the time.
Asthma signs and symptoms include:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest tightness or pain
- Trouble sleeping caused by shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing
- A whistling or wheezing sound when exhaling (wheezing is a common sign of asthma in children)
- Coughing or wheezing attacks that are worsened by a respiratory virus, such as a cold or the flu.
Signs that your asthma is probably worsening include:
- Asthma signs and symptoms that are more frequent and bothersome
- Increasing difficulty breathing (measurable with a peak flow meter, a device used to check how well your lungs are working)
- The need to use a quick-relief inhaler more often
For some people, asthma signs and symptoms flare up in certain situations:
- Exercise-induced asthma, which may be worse when the air is cold and dry
- Occupational asthma, triggered by workplace irritants such as chemical fumes, gases or dust
- Allergy-induced asthma, triggered by airborne substances, such as pollen, mold spores, cockroach waste or particles of skin and dried saliva shed by pets (pet dander)
It isn’t clear why some people get asthma and others don’t, but it’s probably due to a combination of environmental and genetic (inherited) factors.
Exposure to various irritants and substances that trigger allergies (allergens) can trigger signs and symptoms of asthma. Asthma triggers are different from person to person and can include:
- Airborne substances, such as pollen, dust mites, mold spores, pet dander or particles of cockroach waste
- Respiratory infections, such as the common cold
- Physical activity (exercise-induced asthma)
- Cold air
- Air pollutants and irritants, such as smoke
- Certain medications, including beta blockers, aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen (Aleve)
- Strong emotions and stress
- Sulfites and preservatives added to some types of foods and beverages, including shrimp, dried fruit, processed potatoes, beer and wine
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition in which stomach acids back up into your throat
A number of factors are thought to increase your chances of developing asthma. These include:
- Having a blood relative (such as a parent or sibling) with asthma
- Having another allergic condition, such as atopic dermatitis or allergic rhinitis (hay fever)
- Being overweight
- Being a smoker
- Exposure to secondhand smoke
- Exposure to exhaust fumes or other types of pollution
- Exposure to occupational triggers, such as chemicals used in farming, hairdressing and manufacturing
Asthma complications include:
- Signs and symptoms that interfere with sleep, work or recreational activities
- Sick days from work or school during asthma flare-ups
- Permanent narrowing of the bronchial tubes (airway remodeling) that affects how well you can breathe
- Emergency room visits and hospitalizations for severe asthma attacks
Proper treatment makes a big difference in preventing both short-term and long-term complications caused by asthma.
While there’s no way to prevent asthma, by working together, you and your doctor can design a step-by-step plan for living with your condition and preventing asthma attacks.
- Follow your asthma action plan: With your doctor and health care team, write a detailed plan for taking medications and managing an asthma attack. Then be sure to follow your plan. Asthma is an ongoing condition that needs regular monitoring and treatment. Taking control of your treatment can make you feel more in control of your life in general.
- Get vaccinated for influenza and pneumonia: Staying current with vaccinations can prevent flu and pneumonia from triggering asthma flare-ups.
- Identify and avoid asthma triggers: A number of outdoor allergens and irritants — ranging from pollen and mold to cold air and air pollution — can trigger asthma attacks. Find out what causes or worsens your asthma, and take steps to avoid those triggers.
- Monitor your breathing: You may learn to recognize warning signs of an impending attack, such as slight coughing, wheezing or shortness of breath. But because your lung function may decrease before you notice any signs or symptoms, regularly measure and record your peak airflow with a home peak flow meter.
- Identify and treat attacks early: If you act quickly, you’re less likely to have a severe attack. You also won’t need as much medication to control your symptoms.
When your peak flow measurements decrease and alert you to an oncoming attack, take your medication as instructed and immediately stop any activity that may have triggered the attack. If your symptoms don’t improve, get medical help as directed in your action plan.
- Take your medication as prescribed. Just because your asthma seems to be improving, don’t change anything without first talking to your doctor. It’s a good idea to bring your medications with you to each doctor visit, so your doctor can double-check that you’re using your medications correctly and taking the right dose.
- Pay attention to increasing quick-relief inhaler use. If you find yourself relying on your quick-relief inhaler, such as albuterol, your asthma isn’t under control. See your doctor about adjusting your treatment.
There are some best homeopathic treatment for Asthma
- Best homeopathic treatment for Asthma in children:Specially in children dry hacking cough in afternoon with pain in pit of stomach ,worse cold drinks ,in this condition Thuja is best indicated medicine.
- Best homeopathic medicine in Chronic asthma:When asthmatic compliments worst in dry cold air and better in damp air Hepar Sulphur is best medicine
- Best Homeopathic medicine for Asthmatic Attack: when use Aconitum and Ipecacuanha alternately during attack those medicine act as a palliative and will ease the breathing and the cough .
- When asthmatic attack occurring early morning frequently induced by disorder of stomach and there is also flatulence which is relived by lying on back or changing sider Nuv Vomica repeated by ever 15 minutes and patient get relief .
- Kali carbonicum: is also a wonderful remedy when attack comes in night after midnight. Patient is irritable and full of fear ,compels the patient to sit which affords him relief.patient is sensitive to every atmospheric change, intolerance of cold whether .there are found wheezing sound in chest .
- When there are found dyspnoea with thick and purulent mucus with or without bronchitis Blatta orientalist is an excellent remedy for asthma but this remedy should use in lowest potency during attack .
- If asthma aggravated by emotions ,by cares and repeated Grif then Ignatia is suitable medicine .
- Best homeopathic medicine for Asthma in Old persons : Ambra is used in many asthmatic condition but some important condition like Asthma of old person and in children in feeble condition and Asthma on attempting coition .
- If asthma attack in old people and expectoration brick shade then Bryonia is best suitable medicine
- Ipecacuanha: is used when asthma of old people with chronic cough and nausea is present .patient while breathing a felling of suffocation from accumulation of mucus.
- If asthma is continually recurring with some gouty tendency then Stramonium is indicated medicine
- For paroxysms of nervous Asthma Cuprum metallicum is give relief at once.
- For paroxysms of nervous Asthma Cuprum metallicum is give relief at once.
- Lobelia inflata gives relief in acute asthma if administered in lower potency.
- Hepar sulphur is used when asthma worse in dry cold weather and better in damp weather and when patient extremely sensitive to damp weather the medicine is Natrum sulf.
- Along with above medicine there are many more Homeopathic medicine used in asthma very franquently like Sambucus nig,Antimonium tart.,Bio no 2. And Justicia Q etc